The Struggle of Giving Up Personal Goals – Affective, Physiological, and Cognitive Consequences of an Action Crisis.

Brandstätter, Veronika; Herrmann, Marcel; Schüler, Julia (2013). The Struggle of Giving Up Personal Goals – Affective, Physiological, and Cognitive Consequences of an Action Crisis. PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN, 39(12), pp. 1668-1682. Sage 10.1177/0146167213500151

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A critical phase in goal striving occurs when setbacks accumulate and goal disengagement becomes an issue. This critical phase is conceptualized as an action crisis and assumed to be characterized by an intrapsychic conflict in which the individual becomes torn between further goal pursuit and goal disengagement. Our theorizing converges with Klinger’s conceptualization of goal disengagement as a process, rather than a discrete event. Two longitudinal field studies tested and found support for the hypothesis that an action crisis not only compromises an individual’s psychological and physiological well-being, but also dampens the cognitive evaluation of the respective goal. In Study 3, marathon runners experiencing an action crisis in their goal of running marathons showed a stronger cortisol secretion and a lower performance in the race 2 weeks later. Results are interpreted in terms of action-phase–specific mindsets with a focus on self-regulatory processes in goal disengagement.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science I

UniBE Contributor:

Schüler, Julia

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0146-1672

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Corinne Ammann

Date Deposited:

21 Feb 2014 16:20

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2014 10:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/0146167213500151

Uncontrolled Keywords:

motivation, goal disengagement, action crisis, well-being, self-regulation, mindset

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.41229

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/41229

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