Do implicit motives and basic psychological needs interact to predict well-being and flow? Testing a universal hypothesis and a matching hypothesis

Schüler, Julia; Brandstätter, Veronika; Sheldon, Kennon M. (2013). Do implicit motives and basic psychological needs interact to predict well-being and flow? Testing a universal hypothesis and a matching hypothesis. Motivation and Emotion, 37(3), pp. 480-495. Springer US; http://www.springer-ny.com 10.1007/s11031-012-9317-2

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Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan in Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. Plenum Press, New York, 1985) suggests that certain experiences, such as competence, are equally beneficial to everyone’s well-being (universal hypothesis), whereas Motive Disposition Theory (McClelland in Human motivation. Scott, Foresman, Glenview, IL, 1985) predicts that some people, such as those with a high achievement motive, should benefit particularly from such experiences (matching hypothesis). Existing research on motives as moderators of the relationship between basic need satisfaction and positive outcomes supports both these seemingly inconsistent views. Focusing on the achievement motive, we sought to resolve this inconsistency by considering the specificity of the outcome variables. When predicting domain-specific well-being and flow, the achievement motive should interact with felt competence. However, when it comes to predicting general well-being and flow, felt competence should unfold its effects without being moderated by the achievement motive. Two studies confirmed these assumptions indicating that the universal and matching hypotheses are complementary rather than mutually exclusive.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science I

UniBE Contributor:

Schüler, Julia

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

0146-7239

Publisher:

Springer US; http://www.springer-ny.com

Language:

English

Submitter:

Corinne Ammann

Date Deposited:

14 Feb 2014 17:24

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 06:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s11031-012-9317-2

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Self-determination theory, Motive disposition theory, Basic psychological needs, Implicit motives, Flow experience, Subjective well-being

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.41249

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/41249

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