Updated standardized endpoint definitions for transcatheter aortic valve implantation: the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 consensus document

Kappetein, A Pieter; Head, Stuart J; Généreux, Philippe; Piazza, Nicolo; van Mieghem, Nicolas M; Blackstone, Eugene H; Brott, Thomas G; Cohen, David J; Cutlip, Donald E; van Es, Gerrit-Anne; Hahn, Rebecca T; Kirtane, Ajay J; Krucoff, Mitchell W; Kodali, Susheel; Mack, Michael J; Mehran, Roxana; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Vranckx, Pascal; Webb, John G; Windecker, Stephan; ... (2013). Updated standardized endpoint definitions for transcatheter aortic valve implantation: the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 consensus document. Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, 145(1), pp. 6-23. Mosby 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2012.09.002

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OBJECTIVES The aim of the current Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 initiative was to revisit the selection and definitions of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) clinical endpoints to make them more suitable to the present and future needs of clinical trials. In addition, this document is intended to expand the understanding of patient risk stratification and case selection. BACKGROUND A recent study confirmed that VARC definitions have already been incorporated into clinical and research practice and represent a new standard for consistency in reporting clinical outcomes of patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing TAVI. However, as the clinical experience with this technology has matured and expanded, certain definitions have become unsuitable or ambiguous. METHODS AND RESULTS Two in-person meetings (held in September 2011 in Washington, DC, and in February 2012 in Rotterdam, The Netherlands) involving VARC study group members, independent experts (including surgeons, interventional and noninterventional cardiologists, imaging specialists, neurologists, geriatric specialists, and clinical trialists), the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and industry representatives, provided much of the substantive discussion from which this VARC-2 consensus manuscript was derived. This document provides an overview of risk assessment and patient stratification that need to be considered for accurate patient inclusion in studies. Working groups were assigned to define the following clinical endpoints: mortality, stroke, myocardial infarction, bleeding complications, acute kidney injury, vascular complications, conduction disturbances and arrhythmias, and a miscellaneous category including relevant complications not previously categorized. Furthermore, comprehensive echocardiographic recommendations are provided for the evaluation of prosthetic valve (dys)function. Definitions for the quality of life assessments are also reported. These endpoints formed the basis for several recommended composite endpoints. CONCLUSIONS This VARC-2 document has provided further standardization of endpoint definitions for studies evaluating the use of TAVI, which will lead to improved comparability and interpretability of the study results, supplying an increasingly growing body of evidence with respect to TAVI and/or surgical aortic valve replacement. This initiative and document can furthermore be used as a model during current endeavors of applying definitions to other transcatheter valve therapies (for example, mitral valve repair).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Windecker, Stephan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0022-5223

Publisher:

Mosby

Language:

English

Submitter:

Judith Liniger

Date Deposited:

19 Mar 2014 14:08

Last Modified:

28 Oct 2015 11:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jtcvs.2012.09.002

PubMed ID:

23084102

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.41689

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/41689

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