Regulation of 17,20 lyase activity by cytochrome b5 and by serine phosphorylation of P450c17

Pandey, Amit Vikram; Miller, Walter L (2006). Regulation of 17,20 lyase activity by cytochrome b5 and by serine phosphorylation of P450c17. Journal of biological chemistry, 280(14), pp. 13265-13271. American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 10.1074/jbc.M414673200

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This research was originally published in The Journal of biological chemistry. Amit V. Pandey and Walter L. Miller. Regulation of 17,20 lyase activity by cytochrome b5 and by serine phosphorylation of P450c17 . The Journal of biological chemistry. 2006. Vol 290, No. 14:13265-13271. © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

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Cytochrome P450c17 catalyzes the 17alpha-hydroxylase activity required for glucocorticoid synthesis and the 17,20 lyase activity required for sex steroid synthesis. Most P450 enzymes have fixed ratios of their various activities, but the ratio of these two activities of P450c17 is regulated post-translationally. We have shown that serine phosphorylation of P450c17 and the allosteric action of cytochrome b5 increase 17,20 lyase activity, but it has not been apparent whether these two post-translational mechanisms interact. Using purified enzyme systems, we now show that the actions of cytochrome b5 are independent of the state of P450c17 phosphorylation. Suppressing cytochrome b5 expression in human adrenal NCI-H295A cells by >85% with RNA interference had no effect on 17alpha-hydroxylase activity but reduced 17,20 lyase activity by 30%. Increasing P450c17 phosphorylation could compensate for this reduced activity. When expressed in bacteria, human P450c17 required either cytochrome b5 or phosphorylation for 17,20 lyase activity. The combination of cytochrome b5 and phosphorylation was not additive. Cytochrome b5 and phosphorylation enhance 17,20 lyase activity independently of each other, probably by increasing the interaction between P450c17 and NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DCR Unit Tiefenau Hospital (discontinued)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DCR Unit Tiefenau Hospital (discontinued) > Forschungsgruppe Endokrinologie/Diabetologie/Metabolik (Pädiatrie) (discontinued)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Unit Childrens Hospital > Forschungsgruppe Endokrinologie / Diabetologie / Metabolik (Pädiatrie)

UniBE Contributor:

Pandey, Amit Vikram

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0021-9258

Publisher:

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Amit Vikram Pandey

Date Deposited:

21 Aug 2014 15:22

Last Modified:

27 Jan 2015 10:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1074/jbc.M414673200

PubMed ID:

15687493

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.41744

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/41744

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