Outflow tract tachycardia with R/S transition in lead V3: six different anatomic approaches for successful ablation.

Tanner, Hildegard; Hindricks, Gerhard; Schirdewahn, Petra; Kobza, Richard; Dorszewski, Anja; Piorkowski, Christopher; Gerds-Li, Jin-Hong; Kottkamp, Hans (2005). Outflow tract tachycardia with R/S transition in lead V3: six different anatomic approaches for successful ablation. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 45(3), pp. 418-423. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jacc.2004.10.037

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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to analyze different anatomic mapping approaches for successful ablation of outflow tract tachycardia with R/S transition in lead V(3). BACKGROUND Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia can originate from different areas in the outflow tract, including the right and left ventricular endocardium, the epicardium, the pulmonary artery, and the aortic sinus of Valsalva. Although electrocardiographic criteria may be helpful in predicting the area of origin, sometimes the focus is complex to determine, especially when QRS transition in precordial leads is in V(3). METHODS We analyzed surface electrocardiograms of 33 successfully ablated patients with outflow tract tachycardia: 20 from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) and 13 from different sites. The R/S transition was determined, and the different anatomic approaches needed for successful catheter ablation were studied. RESULTS Overall, R/S transition in lead V(3) was present in 19 (58%) of all patients. In these patients, mapping was started and successfully completed in the RVOT in 11 of 19 (58%) patients. The remaining eight patients with R/S transition in lead V(3) needed five additional anatomic accesses for successful ablation: from the left ventricular outflow tract (n = 3), aortic sinus of Valsalva (n = 2), coronary sinus (n = 1), the epicardium via pericardial puncture (n = 1), and the trunk of the pulmonary artery (n = 1), respectively. CONCLUSIONS A R/S transition in lead V(3) is common. In patients with outflow tract tachycardia with R/S transition in lead V(3), a stepwise endocardial and epicardial mapping through up to six anatomic approaches can lead to successful radiofrequency catheter ablation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Tanner, Hildegard

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0735-1097

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Hildegard Tanner

Date Deposited:

16 Jul 2014 17:03

Last Modified:

16 Jul 2014 17:03

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jacc.2004.10.037

PubMed ID:

15680722

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/42312

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