Stable secondary arrhythmias late after intraoperative radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation: incidence, mechanism, and treatment.

Kobza, Richard; Kottkamp, Hans; Dorszewski, Anja; Tanner, Hildegard; Piorkowski, Christopher; Schirdewahn, Petra; Gerds-Li, Jin-Hong; Hindricks, Gerhard (2004). Stable secondary arrhythmias late after intraoperative radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation: incidence, mechanism, and treatment. Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology, 15(11), pp. 1246-1249. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1046/j.1540-8167.2004.04356.x

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

INTRODUCTION Intraoperative radiofrequency (RF) ablation is an effective treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, secondary arrhythmias late after ablation may complicate the patient's course. We report on the incidence, mechanisms, and treatment of gap-related atrial flutter and other secondary arrhythmias during long-term follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS In 129 patients who underwent intraoperative RF ablation with placement of left atrial linear lesions using minimally invasive surgical techniques, secondary arrhythmias were analyzed during long-term follow-up (20 +/- 6 months). Transient atrial arrhythmias during the first 3 postoperative months were excluded. In 8 (6.2%) of 129 patients, sustained stable secondary arrhythmias were documented. Left atrial, gap-related atrial flutter was observed in 4 patients (3.1%). The flutter was treated by percutaneous RF ablation in 3 patients (2.3%) and with drugs in 1 patient (0.8%). In 2 patients (1.6%), right atrial isthmus-dependent atrial flutter occurred and was treated successfully by percutaneous RF ablation. In 2 patients (1.6%), ectopic right atrial tachycardias occurred and were treated with percutaneous RF ablation. CONCLUSION Late after intraoperative RF ablation of atrial fibrillation, three types of stable secondary arrhythmias were observed in 6% of patients: left atrial gap-related atrial flutter, right atrial isthmus-dependent atrial flutter, and ectopic atrial tachycardia. Gaps after intraoperative RF ablation due to noncontinuous or nontransmural linear lesions may lead to stable left atrial macroreentrant tachycardias, requiring new interventional therapy.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Tanner, Hildegard

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1045-3873

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Hildegard Tanner

Date Deposited:

20 Jun 2014 16:05

Last Modified:

20 Jun 2014 16:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1046/j.1540-8167.2004.04356.x

PubMed ID:

15574172

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/42319

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback