Irrigated-tip catheter ablation of intraatrial reentrant tachycardia in patients late after surgery of congenital heart disease.

Tanner, Hildegard; Lukac, Peter; Schwick, Nicola; Fuhrer, Juerg; Pedersen, Anders Kirstein; Hansen, Peter Steen; Delacretaz, Etienne (2004). Irrigated-tip catheter ablation of intraatrial reentrant tachycardia in patients late after surgery of congenital heart disease. Heart rhythm, 1(3), pp. 268-275. Elsevier 10.1016/j.hrthm.2004.04.020

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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate irrigated-tip catheter for ablation of intraatrial reentrant tachycardias late after surgical repair of congenital heart disease. BACKGROUND In congenital heart disease patients, the right atrium can be markedly enlarged with areas of low blood flow. Radiofrequency (RF) lesion creation may be hampered by insufficient electrode cooling at sites with low blood flow. METHODS Thirty-six consecutive patients with intraatrial reentrant tachycardia refractory to antiarrhythmic therapy from two centers were included in the study. Entrainment pacing and electroanatomic mapping (CARTO) were used to delineate reentrant circuits and critical isthmus sites. RF ablation was performed using an irrigated-tip catheter (Navistar Thermocool). RESULTS Fifty-two intraatrial reentrant tachycardia circuits were identified, and 48 were targeted with RF ablation. RF ablation was performed using a mean of 13 +/- 11 irrigated RF applications per tachycardia isthmus with a mean power of 36 +/- 8 W. In a historical control group of congenital heart disease patients managed with conventional catheter ablation, the number of lesions per isthmus was higher (23 +/- 11) and mean power was lower (27 +/- 14 W). Acute success was achieved in 45 intraatrial reentrant tachycardias (94% of targeted tachycardias and 87% of all tachycardias). After a mean follow-up of 17 +/- 7 months, 33 (92%) of 36 patients were free of recurrence. Five patients (14%) developed paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSIONS The combination of modern techniques including electroanatomic mapping and catheter irrigation allows safe and highly effective ablation of intraatrial reentrant tachycardia in patients with surgically repaired congenital heart disease.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Tanner, Hildegard

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1547-5271

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Hildegard Tanner

Date Deposited:

20 Jun 2014 16:08

Last Modified:

20 Jun 2014 16:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.hrthm.2004.04.020

PubMed ID:

15851168

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/42321

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