B-type natriuretic peptide for diagnosis and treatment of congestive heart failure

Kuster, Gabriela M; Tanner, Hildegard; Printzen, Gert; Suter, Thomas M; Mohacsi, Paul; Hess, Otto M (2002). B-type natriuretic peptide for diagnosis and treatment of congestive heart failure. Swiss medical weekly, 132(43-44), pp. 623-8. EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag

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BACKGROUND Prognostic classification of congestive heart failure (CHF) is difficult and only possible with the help of additional diagnostic tools. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been used as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for patients (pts) with CHF. In this study, the clinical value of BNP for stratification and treatment of pts with CHF was evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS 33 out-pts with CHF (age 57 +/- 12 years) were included. Left-ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) was 27 +/- 8% (mean +/- SD) and NYHA-class 2.4 +/- 0.7. Following parameters were measured: BNP and sodium from blood samples, exercise performance from 6-minute walking test (6MWT, meters) (n = 18), LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and LV mass (LVM) from 2D-echocardiography (n = 33), as well as LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP, n = 23) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR, n = 20) from heart-catheterisation. Ten pts were hospitalised in the preceding 6 months because of worsening CHF or for optimisation of medical therapy. BNP was measured at the beginning and end of the hospital-stay. Follow-up was for 1 year. RESULTS Pts with a high NYHA-class had a higher BNP (pg/ml) than those with a low NYHA- class: NYHA I 51 +/- 20, II 281 +/- 223, III 562+/-346 and IV 1061 +/- 126 pg/ml (p = 0.002). BNP correlated with LVEDP (r = 0.50, p <0.02), SVR (r =0.49, p <0.03) and inversely with 6MWT (r =-0.60, p <0.009), LVEF (r = -0.49, p <0.004) and sodium (r = -0.36, p = 0.04). In the hospitalised pts, mean BNP (pg/ml) was 881 +/- 695 at admission,and 532 +/- 435 at discharge (n.s.). Decrease in BNPduring hospitalisation paralleled weight-loss and was significantly greater in patients with >1000 pg/ml BNP at admission (n = 5) as compared to the 5 patients with BNP <1000 (p <0.03). Patients with an adverse event during 1-year follow-up had significantly higher BNP both at steady-state (603 +/-359 pg/ml) and at time of decompensation than patients with a favourable outcome (227 +/- 218 pg/ml,p <0.001). CONCLUSIONS BNP correlates well with the clinical severity of CHF (NYHA-class) and is directly related to filling pressure (LVEDP), LV function(LVEF) and exercise performance (6 MWT). Furthermore, BNP has prognostic impact with regard to adverse clinical events.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Institute of Clinical Chemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Tanner, Hildegard; Printzen, Gert and Mohacsi, Paul

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1424-7860

Publisher:

EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Hildegard Tanner

Date Deposited:

04 Apr 2014 00:39

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2014 12:51

PubMed ID:

12587046

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.42330

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/42330

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