Complex visual hallucinations and attentional performance in eye disease and dementia: a test of the Perception and Attention Deficit model

Makin, S. M.; Redman, J.; Mosimann, U. P.; Dudley, R.; Clarke, M. P.; Colbourn, C.; Collerton, D. (2013). Complex visual hallucinations and attentional performance in eye disease and dementia: a test of the Perception and Attention Deficit model. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 28(12), pp. 1232-1238. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/gps.3947

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OBJECTIVE This study aimed to test the prediction from the Perception and Attention Deficit model of complex visual hallucinations (CVH) that impairments in visual attention and perception are key risk factors for complex hallucinations in eye disease and dementia. METHODS Two studies ran concurrently to investigate the relationship between CVH and impairments in perception (picture naming using the Graded Naming Test) and attention (Stroop task plus a novel Imagery task). The studies were in two populations-older patients with dementia (n = 28) and older people with eye disease (n = 50) with a shared control group (n = 37). The same methodology was used in both studies, and the North East Visual Hallucinations Inventory was used to identify CVH. RESULTS A reliable relationship was found for older patients with dementia between impaired perceptual and attentional performance and CVH. A reliable relationship was not found in the population of people with eye disease. CONCLUSIONS The results add to previous research that object perception and attentional deficits are associated with CVH in dementia, but that risk factors for CVH in eye disease are inconsistent, suggesting that dynamic rather than static impairments in attentional processes may be key in this population.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Geriatric Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

UniBE Contributor:

Mosimann, Urs Peter

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0885-6230

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pascal Wurtz

Date Deposited:

24 Apr 2014 10:31

Last Modified:

24 Apr 2014 10:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/gps.3947

PubMed ID:

23559442

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Charles Bonnet, PAD model, dementia eye disease, visual hallucinations, attention

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/43022

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