Perceptual and processing differences between physical and dichorhinic odor mixtures

Schütze, M; Negoias, Simona; Olsson, M. J.; Hummel, T. (2014). Perceptual and processing differences between physical and dichorhinic odor mixtures. Neuroscience, 258, pp. 84-89. Elsevier 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2013.10.079

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Perceptual integration of sensory input from our two nostrils has received little attention in comparison to lateralized inputs for vision and hearing. Here, we investigated whether a binary odor mixture of eugenol and l-carvone (smells of cloves and caraway) would be perceived differently if presented as a mixture in one nostril (physical mixture), vs. the same two odorants in separate nostrils (dichorhinic mixture). In parallel, we investigated whether the different types of presentation resulted in differences in olfactory event-related potentials (OERP). Psychophysical ratings showed that the dichorhinic mixtures were perceived as more intense than the physical mixtures. A tendency for shift in perceived quality was also observed. In line with these perceptual changes, the OERP showed a shift in latencies and amplitudes for early (more "sensory") peaks P1 and N1 whereas no significant differences were observed for the later (more "cognitive") peak P2. The results altogether suggest that the peripheral level is a site of interaction between odorants. Both psychophysical ratings and, for the first time, electrophysiological measurements converge on this conclusion.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Negoias, Simona

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0306-4522

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lilian Tschan

Date Deposited:

05 Mar 2014 16:32

Last Modified:

01 Feb 2019 17:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.neuroscience.2013.10.079

PubMed ID:

24240030

Uncontrolled Keywords:

OERP, odorant mixture, olfaction, olfactory event-related potential, perception, quality

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.43462

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/43462

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