A novel technique, dynamic intraligamentary stabilization creates optimal conditions for primary ACL healing: A preliminary biomechanical study

Kohl, Sandro; Evangelopoulos, Dimitrios S.; Ahmad, Sufian S.; Kohlhof, Hendrik; Herrmann, Gudrun; Bonel, Harald; Eggli, Stefan (2014). A novel technique, dynamic intraligamentary stabilization creates optimal conditions for primary ACL healing: A preliminary biomechanical study. The knee, 21(2), pp. 477-480. Elsevier 10.1016/j.knee.2013.11.003

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BACKGROUND Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a common lesion. Current treatment emphasizes arthroscopic ACL reconstruction via a graft, although this approach is associated with potential drawbacks. A new method of dynamic intraligamentary stabilization (DIS) was subjected to biomechanical analysis to determine whether it provides the necessary knee stability for optimal ACL healing. METHODS Six human knees from cadavers were harvested. The patellar tendon, joint capsule and all muscular attachments to the tibia and femur were removed, leaving the collateral and the cruciate ligaments intact. The knees were stabilized and the ACL kinematics analyzed. Anterior-posterior (AP) stability measurements evaluated the knees in the following conditions: (i) intact ACL, (ii) ACL rupture, (iii) ACL rupture with primary stabilization, (iv) primary stabilization after 50 motion cycles, (v) ACL rupture with DIS, and (vi) DIS after 50 motion cycles. RESULTS After primary suture stabilization, average AP laxity was 3.2mm, which increased to an average of 11.26mm after 50 movement cycles. With primary ACL stabilization using DIS, however, average laxity values were consistently lower than those of the intact ligament, increasing from an initial AP laxity of 3.00mm to just 3.2mm after 50 movement cycles. CONCLUSIONS Dynamic intraligamentary stabilization established and maintained close contact between the two ends of the ruptured ACL, thus ensuring optimal conditions for potential healing after primary reconstruction. The present ex vivo findings show that the DIS technique is able to restore AP stability of the knee.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Kohl, Sandro; Kohlhof, Hendrik; Herrmann, Gudrun and Bonel, Harald Marcel

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0968-0160

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stephanie Schmutz

Date Deposited:

12 Mar 2014 11:13

Last Modified:

27 Apr 2017 10:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.knee.2013.11.003

PubMed ID:

24405792

Uncontrolled Keywords:

ACL, Dynamic intraligamentary stabilization, AP stability

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.43502

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/43502

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