Cochlear implantation in children and adults in Switzerland

Brand, Yves; Senn, Pascal; Kompis, Martin; Dillier, Norbert; Allum, John H. J. (2014). Cochlear implantation in children and adults in Switzerland. Swiss medical weekly, 144, w13909. EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag 10.4414/smw.2014.13909

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The cochlear implant (CI) is one of the most successful neural prostheses developed to date. It offers artificial hearing to individuals with profound sensorineural hearing loss and with insufficient benefit from conventional hearing aids. The first implants available some 30 years ago provided a limited sensation of sound. The benefit for users of these early systems was mostly a facilitation of lip-reading based communication rather than an understanding of speech. Considerable progress has been made since then. Modern, multichannel implant systems feature complex speech processing strategies, high stimulation rates and multiple sites of stimulation in the cochlea. Equipped with such a state-of-the-art system, the majority of recipients today can communicate orally without visual cues and can even use the telephone. The impact of CIs on deaf individuals and on the deaf community has thus been exceptional. To date, more than 300,000 patients worldwide have received CIs. In Switzerland, the first implantation was performed in 1977 and, as of 2012, over 2,000 systems have been implanted with a current rate of around 150 CIs per year. The primary purpose of this article is to provide a contemporary overview of cochlear implantation, emphasising the situation in Switzerland.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Senn, Pascal and Kompis, Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1424-7860

Publisher:

EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Martin Kompis

Date Deposited:

05 Mar 2014 16:42

Last Modified:

13 Dec 2014 06:15

Publisher DOI:

10.4414/smw.2014.13909

PubMed ID:

24496729

Uncontrolled Keywords:

cochlear implant; deafness; neural prosthesis; rehabilitation; severe sensorineural hearing loss; Swiss cochlear implant register

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.43525

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/43525

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