Splitting of a prevalent Mycobacterium bovis spoligotype by variable-number tandem-repeat typing reveals high heterogeneity in an evolving clonal group

Rodriguez-Campos, Sabrina; Navarro, Yurena; Romero, Beatriz; de Juan, Lucía; Bezos, Javier; Mateos, Ana; Golby, Paul; Smith, Noel H; Hewinson, Glyn R; Domínguez, Lucas; García-de-Viedma, Darío; Aranaz, Alicia (2013). Splitting of a prevalent Mycobacterium bovis spoligotype by variable-number tandem-repeat typing reveals high heterogeneity in an evolving clonal group. Journal of clinical microbiology, 51(11), pp. 3658-3665. American Society for Microbiology 10.1128/JCM.01271-13

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Mycobacterium bovis populations in countries with persistent bovine tuberculosis usually show a prevalent spoligotype with a wide geographical distribution. This study applied mycobacterial interspersed repetitive-unit-variable-number tandem-repeat (MIRU-VNTR) typing to a random panel of 115 M. bovis isolates that are representative of the most frequent spoligotype in the Iberian Peninsula, SB0121. VNTR typing targeted nine loci: ETR-A (alias VNTR2165), ETR-B (VNTR2461), ETR-D (MIRU4, VNTR580), ETR-E (MIRU31, VNTR3192), MIRU26 (VNTR2996), QUB11a (VNTR2163a), QUB11b (VNTR2163b), QUB26 (VNTR4052), and QUB3232 (VNTR3232). We found a high degree of diversity among the studied isolates (discriminatory index [D] = 0.9856), which were split into 65 different MIRU-VNTR types. An alternative short-format MIRU-VNTR typing targeting only the four loci with the highest variability values was found to offer an equivalent discriminatory index. Minimum spanning trees using the MIRU-VNTR data showed the hypothetical evolution of an apparent clonal group. MIRU-VNTR analysis was also applied to the isolates of 176 animals from 15 farms infected by M. bovis SB0121; in 10 farms, the analysis revealed the coexistence of two to five different MIRU types differing in one to six loci, which highlights the frequency of undetected heterogeneity.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology

UniBE Contributor:

Rodriguez, Sabrina

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0095-1137

Publisher:

American Society for Microbiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Susanne Portner

Date Deposited:

22 Aug 2014 11:58

Last Modified:

14 Oct 2015 11:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1128/JCM.01271-13

PubMed ID:

23985914

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.43821

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/43821

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