Stricture of the Afferent Isoperistaltic Tubular Segment: A Late and Rare Cause of Bilateral Dilation of the Upper Urinary Tract After Ileal Bladder Substitution

Kiss, Bernhard; Schöndorf, Daniel; Studer, Urs E.; Roth, Beat (2013). Stricture of the Afferent Isoperistaltic Tubular Segment: A Late and Rare Cause of Bilateral Dilation of the Upper Urinary Tract After Ileal Bladder Substitution. Urology, 82(2), pp. 466-470. Elsevier 10.1016/j.urology.2013.05.007

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the etiology and treatment of bilateral hydronephrosis not responding to bladder substitute drainage after ileal bladder substitution using an afferent isoperistaltic tubular segment. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective analysis was performed of a consecutive series of 739 patients who had undergone bladder substitution from April 1985 to August 2012. RESULTS Of the 739 ileal bladder substitute patients, 10 (1.4%) developed bilateral hydronephrosis unresponsive to complete bladder substitute drainage. The etiology was stenosis of the afferent isoperistaltic tubular segment. The median interval to presentation was 131 months (range 45-192). The incidence of afferent tubular segment stenosis was significantly higher in the 61 ileal bladder substitute patients with recurrent urinary tract infection (9 [15%]) than in the 678 without recurrent urinary tract infection (1 [0.15%]; P <.001). Urine cultures revealed mixed infections (34%), Escherichia coli (18%), Staphylococcus aureus (13%), enterococci (11%), Candida (8%), Klebsiella (8%), and others (8%). Seven patients underwent 10 endourologic interventions, only 1 of which was successful (10%). After failed endourologic treatment, 7 open surgical revisions with resection of the stricture were performed, with all 7 (100%) successful. CONCLUSION Bilateral dilation of the upper urinary tract after ileal orthotopic bladder substitution unresponsive to complete bladder substitute drainage is likely to be caused by stenosis of the afferent isoperistaltic tubular segment. The stenosis occurs almost exclusively in patients with long-lasting, recurrent urinary tract infection and can develop many years after the ileal bladder substitution. Minimally invasive endourologic treatment is usually unsuccessful; however, open surgical revision offers excellent results.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Urology

UniBE Contributor:

Kiss, Bernhard; Schöndorf, Daniel Julian; Studer, Urs and Roth, Beat

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0090-4295

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Katharina Morgenegg

Date Deposited:

04 Jun 2014 10:41

Last Modified:

26 Feb 2015 16:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.urology.2013.05.007

PubMed ID:

23896102

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.43850

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/43850

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