The effect of aerobic exercise on intrahepatocellular and intramyocellular lipids in healthy subjects

Egger, Andrea; Kreis, Roland; Allemann, Sabin; Stettler, Christoph; Diem, Peter; Buehler, Tania; Boesch, Chris; Christ, Emanuel R. (2013). The effect of aerobic exercise on intrahepatocellular and intramyocellular lipids in healthy subjects. PLoS ONE, 8(8), e70865. Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0070865

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BACKGROUND Intrahepatocellular (IHCL) and intramyocellular (IMCL) lipids are ectopic lipid stores. Aerobic exercise results in IMCL utilization in subjects over a broad range of exercise capacity. IMCL and IHCL have been related to impaired insulin action at the skeletal muscle and hepatic level, respectively. The acute effect of aerobic exercise on IHCL is unknown. Possible regulatory factors include exercise capacity, insulin sensitivity and fat availability subcutaneous and visceral fat mass). AIM To concomitantly investigate the effect of aerobic exercise on IHCL and IMCL in healthy subjects, using Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy. METHODS Normal weight, healthy subjects were included. Visit 1 consisted of a determination of VO2max on a treadmill. Visit 2 comprised the assessment of hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity by a two-step hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic clamp. At Visit 3, subcutaneous and visceral fat mass were assessed by whole body MRI, IHCL and IMCL before and after a 2-hours aerobic exercise (50% of VO(2max)) using ¹H-MR-spectroscopy. RESULTS Eighteen volunteers (12M, 6F) were enrolled in the study (age, 37.6±3.2 years, mean±SEM; VO(2max), 53.4±2.9 mL/kg/min). Two hours aerobic exercise resulted in a significant decrease in IMCL (-22.6±3.3, % from baseline) and increase in IHCL (+34.9±7.6, % from baseline). There was no significant correlation between the exercise-induced changes in IMCL and IHCL and exercise capacity, subcutaneous and visceral fat mass and hepatic or peripheral insulin sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS IMCL and IHCL are flexible ectopic lipid stores that are acutely influenced by physical exercise, albeit in different directions. TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrial.gov NCT00491582.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology > DCR Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Methodology (AMSM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Pavillon 52 > Abt. Magnetresonanz-Spektroskopie und Methodologie, AMSM

UniBE Contributor:

Egger, Andrea Alice; Kreis, Roland; Allemann, Sabin; Stettler, Christoph; Diem, Peter; Buehler, Tania; Bösch, Christoph Hans and Christ, Emanuel

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1932-6203

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christoph Hans Boesch

Date Deposited:

02 May 2014 08:25

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2014 08:36

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0070865

PubMed ID:

23967125

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.43868

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/43868

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