Is low self-esteem a risk factor for depression? Findings from a longitudinal study of Mexican-origin youth

Orth, Ulrich; Robins, Richard W.; Widaman, Keith F.; Conger, Rand D. (2014). Is low self-esteem a risk factor for depression? Findings from a longitudinal study of Mexican-origin youth. Developmental Psychology, 50(2), pp. 622-633. American Psychological Association 10.1037/a0033817

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We examined the relation between low self-esteem and depression using longitudinal data from a sample of 674 Mexican-origin early adolescents who were assessed at age 10 and 12 years. Results supported the vulnerability model, which states that low self-esteem is a prospective risk factor for depression. Moreover, results suggested that the vulnerability effect of low self-esteem is driven, for the most part, by general evaluations of worth (i.e., global self-esteem), rather than by domain-specific evaluations of academic competence, physical appearance, and competence in peer relationships. The only domain-specific self-evaluation that showed a prospective effect on depression was honesty-trustworthiness. The vulnerability effect of low self-esteem held for male and female adolescents, for adolescents born in the United States versus Mexico, and across different levels of pubertal status. Finally, the vulnerability effect held when we controlled for several theoretically relevant 3rd variables (i.e., social support, maternal depression, stressful events, and relational victimization) and for interactive effects between self-esteem and the 3rd variables. The present study contributes to an emerging understanding of the link between self-esteem and depression and provides much needed data on the antecedents of depression in ethnic minority populations

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Orth, Ulrich

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0012-1649

Publisher:

American Psychological Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeannine Sebel

Date Deposited:

17 Apr 2014 09:38

Last Modified:

04 Jan 2016 08:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1037/a0033817

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.43891

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/43891

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