Impact of acquired enamel pellicle modification on initial dental erosion

Cheaib, Zeinab; Lussi, Adrian (2011). Impact of acquired enamel pellicle modification on initial dental erosion. Caries research, 45(2), pp. 107-12. Basel: Karger 10.1159/000324803

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The acquired enamel pellicle that forms on the tooth surface serves as a natural protective barrier against dental erosion. Numerous proteins composing the pellicle serve different functions within this thin layer. Our study examined the effect of incorporated mucin and casein on the erosion-inhibiting potential of the acquired enamel pellicle. Cyclic acidic conditions were applied to mimic the erosive environment present at the human enamel interface during the consumption of soft drinks. One hundred enamel specimens were prepared for microhardness tests and distributed randomly into 5 groups (n = 20) that received the following treatment: deionized water, humidity chamber, mucin, casein, or a combination of mucin and casein. Each group was exposed to 3 cycles of a 2-hour incubation in human saliva, followed by a 2-hour treatment in the testing solution and a 1-min exposure to citric acid. The microhardness analysis demonstrated that the mixture of casein and mucin significantly improved the erosion-inhibiting properties of the human pellicle layer. The addition of individual proteins did not statistically impact the function of the pellicle. These data suggest that protein-protein interactions may play an important role in the effectiveness of the pellicle to prevent erosion.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Cheaib, Zeinab and Lussi, Adrian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0008-6568

Publisher:

Karger

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:16

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000324803

PubMed ID:

21412002

Web of Science ID:

000290574200004

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.4392

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/4392 (FactScience: 208589)

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