How large are actor and partner effects of personality on relationship satisfaction? The importance of controlling for shared method variance

Orth, Ulrich (2013). How large are actor and partner effects of personality on relationship satisfaction? The importance of controlling for shared method variance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39(10), pp. 1359-1372. Sage 10.1177/0146167213492429

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Previous research suggests that the personality of a relationship partner predicts not only the individual’s own satisfaction with the relationship but also the partner’s satisfaction. Based on the actor–partner interdependence model, the present research tested whether actor and partner effects of personality are biased when the same method (e.g., self-report) is used for the assessment of personality and relationship satisfaction and, consequently, shared method variance is not controlled for. Data came from 186 couples, of whom both partners provided self- and partner reports on the Big Five personality traits. Depending on the research design, actor effects were larger than partner effects (when using only self-reports), smaller than partner effects (when using only partner reports), or of about the same size as partner effects (when using self- and partner reports). The findings attest to the importance of controlling for shared method variance in dyadic data analysis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Orth, Ulrich

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0146-1672

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeannine Sebel

Date Deposited:

17 Apr 2014 16:06

Last Modified:

26 Oct 2015 10:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/0146167213492429

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.43996

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/43996

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