Behaviour of general dental practitioners in Germany regarding posterior restorations with flowable composites

Seemann, Rainer; Pfefferkorn, Frank; Hickel, Reinhard (2011). Behaviour of general dental practitioners in Germany regarding posterior restorations with flowable composites. International dental journal, 61(5), pp. 252-6. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/j.1875-595X.2011.00068.x

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Because the recommendation to use flowables for posterior restorations is still a matter of debate, the objective of this study was to determine in a nationwide survey in Germany how frequently, for what indications, and for what reasons, German dentists use flowable composites in posterior teeth. In addition, the acceptance of a simplified filling technique for posterior restorations using a low stress flowable composite was evaluated. Completed questionnaires from all over Germany were returned by 1,449 dentists resulting in a response rate of 48.5%; 78.6% of whom regularly used flowable composites for posterior restorations. The most frequent indications were cavity lining (80.1%) and small Class I fillings (74.2%). Flowables were less frequently used for small Class II fillings (22.7%) or other indications (13.6%). Most frequent reasons given for the use of flowables in posterior teeth were the prevention of voids (71.7%) and superior adaptation to cavity walls (72.9%), whereas saving time was considered less important (13.8%). Based on the subjective opinion of the dentists the simplified filling technique seemed to deliver advantages compared to the methods used to date particularly with regard to good cavity adaptation and ease of use. In conclusion, resin composites are the standard material type used for posterior restorations by general dental practitioners in Germany and most dentists use flowable composites as liners.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Seemann, Rainer








Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:16

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:16

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Web of Science ID:


URI: (FactScience: 208598)

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