Functional Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Kidneys Using Blood Oxygen Level-Dependent and Diffusion-Weighted Sequences: a Reliable Tool for Monitoring Acute Upper Urinary Tract Obstruction.

Giannarini, Gianluca; Kessler, Thomas M.; Roth, Beat; Vermathen, Peter; Thöny, Harriet C. (2014). Functional Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Kidneys Using Blood Oxygen Level-Dependent and Diffusion-Weighted Sequences: a Reliable Tool for Monitoring Acute Upper Urinary Tract Obstruction. Journal of urology, 192(2), pp. 434-439. Elsevier 10.1016/j.juro.2014.02.048

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S002253471400305X-main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (342kB) | Request a copy

PURPOSE Little data is available on noninvasive MRI-based assessment of renal function during upper urinary tract (UUT) obstruction. In this study, we determined whether functional multiparametric kidney MRI is able to monitor treatment response in acute unilateral UUT obstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between 01/2008 and 01/2010, 18 patients with acute unilateral UUT obstruction due to calculi were prospectively enrolled to undergo kidney MRI with conventional, blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) and diffusion-weighted (DW) sequences on emergency admission and after release of obstruction. Functional imaging parameters of the obstructed and contralateral unobstructed kidneys derived from BOLD (apparent spin relaxation rate [R2*]) and DW (total apparent diffusion coefficient [ADCT], pure diffusion coefficient [ADCD] and perfusion fraction [FP]) sequences were assessed during acute UUT obstruction and after its release. RESULTS During acute obstruction, R2* and FP values were lower in the cortex (p=0.020 and p=0.031, respectively) and medulla (p=0.012 and p=0.190, respectively) of the obstructed compared to the contralateral unobstructed kidneys. After release of obstruction, R2* and FP values increased both in the cortex (p=0.016 and p=0.004, respectively) and medulla (p=0.071 and p=0.044, respectively) of the formerly obstructed kidneys to values similar to those found in the contralateral kidneys. ADCT and ADCD values did not significantly differ between obstructed and contralateral unobstructed kidneys during or after obstruction. CONCLUSIONS In our patients with acute unilateral UUT obstruction due to calculi, functional kidney MRI using BOLD and DW sequences allowed for the monitoring of pathophysiologic changes of obstructed kidneys during obstruction and after its release.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology > DCR Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Methodology (AMSM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Pavillon 52 > Abt. Magnetresonanz-Spektroskopie und Methodologie, AMSM
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Urology

UniBE Contributor:

Giannarini, Gianluca; Kessler, Thomas M.; Roth, Beat; Vermathen, Peter and Thöny, Harriet C.

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0022-5347

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christoph Hans Boesch

Date Deposited:

24 Jul 2014 16:51

Last Modified:

26 Aug 2015 10:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.juro.2014.02.048

PubMed ID:

24582541

Uncontrolled Keywords:

diffusion weighted MRI, functional MRI, kidney, upper urinary tract, ureteral obstruction, urinary calculi

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.44037

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/44037

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback