Molecular crosstalk between a chemical and a biological stressor and consequences on disease manifestation in rainbow trout.

Burki, Richard; Krasnov, Aleksei; Bettge, Kathrin; Rexroad, Caird E.; Afanasyev, Sergey; Antikainen, Miia; Burkhardt-Holm, Patricia; Wahli, Thomas; Segner, Helmut (2013). Molecular crosstalk between a chemical and a biological stressor and consequences on disease manifestation in rainbow trout. Aquatic toxicology, 127, pp. 2-8. Elsevier 10.1016/j.aquatox.2012.02.026

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The aim of the present study was to examine the molecular and organism reaction of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, to the combined impact of two environmental stressors. The two stressors were the myxozoan parasite, Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae, which is the etiological agent of proliferative kidney disease (PKD) and a natural stressor to salmonid populations, and 17β-estradiol (E2) as prototype of estrogen-active chemical stressors in the aquatic environment. Both stressors, the parasite and estrogenic contaminants, co-exist in Swiss rivers and are discussed as factors contributing to the decline of Swiss brown trout populations over the last decades. Using a microarray approach contrasting parasite-infected and non-infected rainbow trout at low or high estrogen levels, it was observed that molecular response patterns under joint exposure differed from those to the single stressors. More specifically, three major response patterns were present: (i) expression responses of gene transcripts to one stressor are weakened by the presence of the second stressor; (ii) expression responses of gene transcripts to one stressor are enhanced by the presence of the second stressor; (iii) expression responses of gene transcripts at joint treatment are dominated by one of the two stressors. Organism-level responses to concurrent E2 and parasite treatment - assessed through measuring parasite loads in the fish host and cumulative mortalities of trout - were dominated by the pathogen, with no modulating influence of E2. The findings reveal function- and level-specific responses of rainbow trout to stressor combinations, which are only partly predictable from the response to the single stressors.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Center for Fish and Wildlife Health (FIWI)

UniBE Contributor:

Burki, Richard; Bettge, Kathrin; Wahli, Thomas and Segner, Helmut

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0166-445X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Susanne Portner

Date Deposited:

18 Jul 2014 10:36

Last Modified:

14 Oct 2015 11:35

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.aquatox.2012.02.026

PubMed ID:

22440717

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.44264

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/44264

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