The assessment of visual short-term memory in considering the underlying processes and their relation to psychometric intelligence

Troche, S.; Stauffer, C.; Schweizer, Karl; Rammsayer, T. (July 2013). The assessment of visual short-term memory in considering the underlying processes and their relation to psychometric intelligence (Unpublished). In: 12th European Conference on Psychological Assessment. San Sebastian, Spain. 17.-20.07.2013.

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

By means of fixed-links modeling the present study assessed processes involved in visual short-term memory functioning and investigates how these processes are related to intelligence. Using a color change detection task, short-term memory demands increased across three experimental conditions as a function of number of presented stimuli. We measured amount of information retained in visual short-term memory by hit rate as well as speed of visual short-term memory scanning by reaction time. For both measures, fixed-links modeling revealed a constant process reflecting processes irrespective of task manipulation as well as two increasing processes reflecting the increasing short-term memory demands. For visual short-term memory scanning, a negative association between intelligence and the constant process was found but no relationship between intelligence and the increasing processes. Thus, basic processing speed, rather than speed influenced by visual short-term memory demands, differentiates between high- and low-intelligent individuals. Intelligence was positively related to the experimental processes of shortterm memory retention but not to the constant process. In sum, significant associations with intelligence were only obtained when the specific processes of short-term memory were decomposed emphasizing the importance of a thorough assessment of cognitive processes when investigating their relation to intelligence.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics

UniBE Contributor:

Troche, Stefan; Stauffer, Corinne and Rammsayer, Thomas

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karin Dubler

Date Deposited:

13 May 2014 09:28

Last Modified:

13 May 2014 09:28

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/44305

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback