The assessment of mindfulness with self-report measures: existing scales and open issues

Bergomi, Claudia; Tschacher, Wolfgang; Kupper, Zeno (2013). The assessment of mindfulness with self-report measures: existing scales and open issues. Mindfulness, 4(3), pp. 191-202. Springer 10.1007/s12671-012-0110-9

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During recent years, mindfulness-based approaches have been gaining relevance for treatment in clinical populations. Correspondingly, the empirical study of mindfulness has steadily grown; thus, the availability of valid measures of the construct is critically important. This paper gives an overview of the current status in the field of self-report assessment of mindfulness. All eight currently available and validated mindfulness scales (for adults) are evaluated, with a particular focus on their virtues and limitations and on differences among them. It will be argued that none of these scales may be a fully adequate measure of mindfulness, as each of them offers unique advantages but also disadvantages. In particular, none of them seems to provide a comprehensive assessment of all aspects of mindfulness in samples from the general population. Moreover, some scales may be particularly indicated in investigations focusing on specific populations such as clinical samples (Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale, Southampton Mindfulness Questionnaire) or meditators (Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory). Three main open issues are discussed: (1) the coverage of aspects of mindfulness in questionnaires; (2) the nature of the relationships between these aspects; and (3) the validity of self-report measures of mindfulness. These issues should be considered in future developments in the self-report assessment of mindfulness.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Psychotherapy

UniBE Contributor:

Bergomi, Claudia, Tschacher, Wolfgang, Kupper, Zeno


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Daniela Zurkinden

Date Deposited:

09 Apr 2014 14:48

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:29

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Mindfulness, Assessment, Self-Report, Questionnaire




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