Inter- and intraindividual associations between volitional processes and daily smoking during a quit attempt

Berli, C.; Stadler, Gertraud; Knoll, Nina; Hornung, Rainer; Scholz, Urte; Ochsner, Sibylle (17 July 2013). Inter- and intraindividual associations between volitional processes and daily smoking during a quit attempt (Unpublished). In: 27th Conference of the European Health Psychology Society (EHPS). Bordeaux, France. 16.-20.07.2013.

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Background: The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) assumes that volitional processes are important for effective behavioral change. This study examined the associations of volitional predictors and daily smoking in quitters at the inter- and intraindividual level. Method: Overall, 105 smokers completed daily electronic questionnaires 10 days before and 21 days after a self-set quit date, assessing intentions, self-efficacy, planning, action control and numbers of cigarettes smoked. Findings: Multilevel analyses showed that mean levels of volitional predictors across the 32 days were negatively associated with numbers of cigarettes smoked. Moreover, on days with higher intentions, self-efficacy, planning and action control than usual, less cigarettes were smoked. These effects were stronger after the quit date than before the quit date. Intentions and action control emerged as most powerful predictors at the intraindividual level. Discussion: Findings emphasize the importance of volitional processes at the intraindividual level in the context of quitting smoking.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics > Professur für Gesundheitspsychologie (SNF)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics

UniBE Contributor:

Berli, Corina and Scholz, Urte

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karin Dubler

Date Deposited:

02 Sep 2014 09:11

Last Modified:

02 Sep 2014 09:11

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/44383

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