Predicting daily smoking around a quit date : Volitional processes at the inter- and intraindividual level

Berli, C.; Ochsner, Sibylle; Stadler, Gertraud; Knoll, Nina; Hornung, Rainer; Scholz, U. (12 September 2013). Predicting daily smoking around a quit date : Volitional processes at the inter- and intraindividual level (Unpublished). In: 13th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society (SGP). Basel, Switzerland. 11.-12.09.2013.

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Background: The health action process approach (hapa) is a well-established model in predicting health behavior and assumes that volitional processes are important for effective behavioral change. however, only few studies have so far tested associations on the intraindividual level. thus, this study examined the inter- and intraindividual associations between volitional predictors and daily smoking around a quit attempt. method: overall, 105 smokers completed daily electronic questionnaires 10 days before and 21 days after a self-set quit date, including measures of intentions, self-efficacy, planning, action control and numbers of cigarettes smoked. multilevel analysis was applied. findings: at the interindividual level, higher mean levels of volitional predictors across the 32 days were associated with less numbers of cigarettes smoked. negative associations emerged also at the intraindividual level, indicating that on days with higher intentions, self-efficacy, planning and action control than usual, less cigarettes were smoked. moreover, these effects were stronger after the quit date than before the quit date. intentions and action control emerged as most powerful predictors at the intraindividual level. discussion: findings confirm assumptions of the hapa and emphasize the importance of volitional processes at the inter- and intraindividual level in the context of quitting smoking.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics

UniBE Contributor:

Berli, Corina and Scholz, Urte

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karin Dubler

Date Deposited:

26 Jun 2014 16:24

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2014 16:24

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/44420

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