Concomitant lipopolysaccharide-induced transfer of blood-derived components including immunoglobulins into milk

Lehmann, Mirjam; Wellnitz, Olga; Bruckmaier, Rupert M. (2013). Concomitant lipopolysaccharide-induced transfer of blood-derived components including immunoglobulins into milk. Journal of dairy science, 96(2), pp. 889-896. American Dairy Science Association 10.3168/jds.2012-5410

1-s2.0-S0022030212008788-main.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (667kB) | Preview

During a mammary immune response, the integrity of the blood-milk barrier is negatively affected and becomes leaky. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the blood origin, and to investigate changes in the concentration, of various constituents including immunoglobulins in blood and milk during the early phase of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mastitis. Five lactating dairy cows received continuous β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) clamp infusions to maintain elevated BHBA blood concentrations (1.5 to 2.0 mmol/L) from 48 h before and 8h after LPS administration. One udder quarter was infused with 200 μg of Escherichia coli LPS. A second quarter served as control. Milk and blood samples were taken hourly for 8h postchallenge (PC). The somatic cell count in LPS-challenged quarters was increased from 4h PC to the end of the experiment compared with control quarters. In LPS-challenged quarters, l-lactate, BHBA, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), IgG(1), and IgG(2) were increased at 3h PC and remained elevated until the end of experiment (8h PC) compared with control quarters. In addition, the optical density values in milk in a nonquantitative ELISA for antibodies directed against bluetongue virus (used as a measure of nonspecific antibody transfer; all animals were vaccinated) increased and, thus, indicates an increase in these antibodies in response to LPS treatment. l-Lactate concentration also increased in blood 2h PC and in the milk of control quarters during the experiment from 3h PC. A second experiment was conducted in vitro to investigate a possible contribution from destructed milk cells to l-lactate concentration and activity of LDH in milk. Aliquots of milk samples (n=8) were frozen (-20°C) or disrupted with ultrasound, respectively. Freeze thawing and ultrasound treatment increased LDH in milk samples, but had no effect on l-lactate concentrations. Results suggest that intramammary infusion of LPS induces a systemic response, as evidenced by an elevation of blood l-lactate concentration. The concomitant changes of all investigated components suggest that they were blood derived. However, the increase in blood components in the milk is not necessarily supportive of the mammary immune system, and likely a side effect of reduced blood-milk barrier integrity.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Physiology

UniBE Contributor:

Lehmann, Mirjam; Wellnitz, Olga and Bruckmaier, Rupert


600 Technology > 630 Agriculture




American Dairy Science Association




Susanne Portner

Date Deposited:

28 Jul 2014 15:37

Last Modified:

01 Jan 2015 09:01

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

blood-milk barrier, immunoglobulin G, lactate, β-hydroxybutyrate




Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback