Origins of Shared Genetic Variation in African Cichlids

Loh, Yong-Hwee E.; Bezault, Etienne; Muenzel, Frauke M.; Roberts, Reade B.; Swofford, Ross; Barluenga, Marta; Kidd, Celeste E.; Howe, Aimee E.; Di Palma, Frederica; Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin; Hey, Jody; Seehausen, Ole; Salzburger, Walter; Kocher, Thomas D.; Streelman, J. Todd (2013). Origins of Shared Genetic Variation in African Cichlids. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 30(4), pp. 906-917. Oxford University Press 10.1093/molbev/mss326

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Cichlid fishes have evolved tremendous morphological and behavioral diversity in the waters of East Africa. Within each of the Great Lakes Tanganyika, Malawi, and Victoria, the phenomena of hybridization and retention of ancestral polymorphism explain allele sharing across species. Here, we explore the sharing of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) between the major East African cichlid assemblages. A set of approximately 200 genic and nongenic SNPs was ascertained in five Lake Malawi species and genotyped in a diverse collection of 160 species from across Africa. We observed segregating polymorphism outside of the Malawi lineage for more than 50% of these loci; this holds similarly for genic versus nongenic SNPs, as well as for SNPs at putative CpG versus non-CpG sites. Bayesian and principal component analyses of genetic structure in the data demonstrate that the Lake Malawi endemic flock is not monophyletic and that river species have likely contributed significantly to Malawi genomes. Coalescent simulations support the hypothesis that river cichlids have transported polymorphism between lake assemblages. We observed strong genetic differentiation between Malawi lineages for approximately 8% of loci, with contributions from both genic and nongenic SNPs. Notably, more than half of these outlier loci between Malawi groups are polymorphic outside of the lake. Cichlid fishes have evolved diversity in Lake Malawi as new mutations combined with standing genetic variation shared across East Africa.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE) > Aquatic Ecology

UniBE Contributor:

Bezault, Etienne and Seehausen, Ole

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0737-4038

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marcel Häsler

Date Deposited:

29 Apr 2014 11:10

Last Modified:

04 Sep 2015 08:10

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/molbev/mss326

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.44863

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/44863

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