Influence of general self-efficacy as a mediator in Taiji-induced stress reduction – Results from a randomized controlled trial

Nedeljkovic, Marko; Wepfer, Viviane; Ausfeld-Hafter, Brigitte; Wirtz, Petra H.; Streitberger, Konrad M. (2013). Influence of general self-efficacy as a mediator in Taiji-induced stress reduction – Results from a randomized controlled trial. European journal of integrative medicine, 5(3), pp. 284-290. Elsevier 10.1016/j.eujim.2012.12.001

2013.Paper%20Eur%20J%20Integrative%20Med_Taiji%2BSelf%20efficacy_final.version.pdf - Accepted Version
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Aim of the study In this study we examined the effects of Taiji on perceived stress and general self-efficacy (GSE), and investigated the mediating role of a Taiji-induced GSE increase on Taiji-related reduction of perceived stress. Materials and methods 70 healthy participants were randomly allocated either to the Taiji intervention group or the waiting list control group. The intervention lasted for 12 weeks comprising two Taiji classes per week. Before, shortly after, and two months after the intervention, we assessed the degree of perceived stress and GSE in all participants by employing the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and the GSE-Scale. Results Compared to controls, participants of the Taiji group showed a significantly stronger decrease of perceived stress and a higher increase in GSE from pre- to post-intervention assessment (PSS: p = 0.009; GSE: p = 0.006), as well as from pre-intervention to follow-up assessment (PSS: p = 0.018; GSE: p = 0.033). A mediator analysis based on a multiple regression approach revealed that a Taiji-related increase in GSE statistically mediated the reduction in perceived stress after Taiji as compared to baseline. Post hoc testing showed that the mediating effect of GSE was significant (p = 0.043). Conclusions Our findings confirm previously reported Taiji-related stress reducing and GSE enhancing effects with GSE increase mediating Taiji related reduction of perceived stress.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of Complementary and Integrative Medicine (IKIM)

UniBE Contributor:

Nedeljkovic, Marko; Ausfeld, Brigitte; Wirtz, Petra Hedwig and Streitberger, Konrad Markus


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Jeannie Wurz

Date Deposited:

22 Apr 2014 17:33

Last Modified:

23 Jan 2018 12:16

Publisher DOI:





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