Dental arch relationship in children with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate following one-stage and three-stage surgical protocols

Fudalej, Piotr; Katsaros, Christos; Bongaarts, Catharina; Dudkiewicz, Zofia; Kuijpers-Jagtman, Anne Marie (2011). Dental arch relationship in children with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate following one-stage and three-stage surgical protocols. Clinical oral investigations, 15(4), pp. 503-10. Berlin: Springer 10.1597/09-010.1

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The objective of this study is to compare dental arch relationship following one-stage and three-stage surgical protocols of unilateral cleft lip and palate. Dental casts of 61 children (mean age, 11.2 years; SD, 1.7), consecutively treated in one center with one-stage closure of the complete cleft at 9.2 months (SD, 2.0), were compared with a sample of 97 patients (mean age, 8.7 years; SD, 0.9), consecutively treated with a three-stage protocol including delayed hard palate closure in another center. The dental casts were assigned random numbers to blind their origin. Four raters graded dental arch relationship and palatal morphology using the EUROCRAN index. The strength of agreement of rating was assessed with kappa statistics. Independent t tests were run to compare the EUROCRAN scores between one-stage and three-stage samples, and Fisher's exact tests were performed to evaluate differences of distribution of the EUROCRAN grades. The intra- and inter-rater agreement was moderate to very good. Dental arch relationship in the one-stage sample was less favorable than in three-stage group (mean scores, 2.58 and 1.97 for one-stage and three-stage samples, respectively; p?<?0.000). Palatal morphology in the one-stage sample was more favorable than in the three-stage group (mean scores, 1.79 and 1.96 for one-stage and three-stage samples, respectively; p?=?0.047). The dental arch relationship following one-stage repair was less favorable than the outcome of three-stage repair. The palatal morphology following one-stage repair, however, was more favorable than the outcome of three-stage repair.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Katsaros, Christos

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:08

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1597/09-010.1

PubMed ID:

20473537

Web of Science ID:

000271992500013

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/451 (FactScience: 199341)

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