Personality factors in elementary school children: Contributions to academic performance over and above executive functions?

Neuenschwander, Regula; Cimeli, Patrizia; Röthlisberger, Marianne; Roebers, Claudia M. (2013). Personality factors in elementary school children: Contributions to academic performance over and above executive functions? Learning and individual differences, 25, pp. 118-125. Elsevier 10.1016/j.lindif.2012.12.006

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Unique contributions of Big Five personality factors to academic performance in young elementary school children were explored. Extraversion and Openness (labeled “Culture” in our study) uniquely contributed to academic performance, over and above the contribution of executive functions in first and second grade children (N = 446). Well established associations between Conscientiousness and academic performance, however, could only be replicated with regard to zero-order correlations. Executive functions (inhibition, updating, and shifting), for their part, proved to be powerful predictors of academic performance. Results were to some extent dependent on the criterion with which academic performance was measured: Both personality factors had stronger effects on grades than on standardized achievement tests, whereas the opposite was true for executive functions. Finally, analyses on gender differences revealed that Extraversion and Openness/Culture played a more dominant role in girls than in boys, but only regarding grades.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Neuenschwander, Regula; Cimeli, Patrizia; Röthlisberger, Marianne and Roebers, Claudia

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1041-6080

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeannine Sebel

Date Deposited:

23 Apr 2014 17:37

Last Modified:

26 Oct 2015 10:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.lindif.2012.12.006

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.45235

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/45235

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