Detecting offsets in GPS time series: first results from the Detection of Offsets in GPS Experiment

Gazeaux, Julien; Williams, Simon; King, Matt; Bos, Machiel; Dach, Rolf; Deo, Manoj; Moore, Angelyn W.; Ostini, Luca; Petrie, Elizabeth; Roggero, Marco; Teferle, Felix Norman; Olivares, German; Webb, Frank H. (2013). Detecting offsets in GPS time series: first results from the Detection of Offsets in GPS Experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 118(5), pp. 2397-2407. American Geophysical Union 10.1002/jgrb.50152

Dedecting Offsets.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (529kB) | Preview

The accuracy of Global Positioning System (GPS) time series is degraded by the presence of offsets. To assess the effectiveness of methods that detect and remove these offsets, we designed and managed the Detection of Offsets in GPS Experiment. We simulated time series that mimicked realistic GPS data consisting of a velocity component, offsets, white and flicker noises (1/f spectrum noises) composed in an additive model. The data set was made available to the GPS analysis community without revealing the offsets, and several groups conducted blind tests with a range of detection approaches. The results show that, at present, manual methods (where offsets are hand picked) almost always give better results than automated or semi‒automated methods (two automated methods give quite similar velocity bias as the best manual solutions). For instance, the fifth percentile range (5% to 95%) in velocity bias for automated approaches is equal to 4.2 mm/year (most commonly ±0.4 mm/yr from the truth), whereas it is equal to 1.8 mm/yr for the manual solutions (most commonly 0.2 mm/yr from the truth). The magnitude of offsets detectable by manual solutions is smaller than for automated solutions, with the smallest detectable offset for the best manual and automatic solutions equal to 5 mm and 8 mm, respectively. Assuming the simulated time series noise levels are representative of real GPS time series, robust geophysical interpretation of individual site velocities lower than 0.2–0.4 mm/yr is therefore certainly not robust, although a limit of nearer 1 mm/yr would be a more conservative choice. Further work to improve offset detection in GPS coordinates time series is required before we can routinely interpret sub‒mm/yr velocities for single GPS stations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Astronomy

UniBE Contributor:

Dach, Rolf, Ostini, Luca


500 Science > 520 Astronomy




American Geophysical Union




Pierre Fridez

Date Deposited:

19 Jun 2014 09:52

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:30

Publisher DOI:





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback