Regulation of human GH receptor gene transcription by 20 and 22 kDa GH in a human hepatoma cell line.

Nuoffer, Jean-Marc; Flück, Christa; Deladoëy, Johnny; Eblé, Andrée; Dattani, M T; Mullis, Primus-Eugen (2000). Regulation of human GH receptor gene transcription by 20 and 22 kDa GH in a human hepatoma cell line. Journal of endocrinology, 165(2), pp. 313-320. BioScientifica

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The human GH gene is 1.7 kilobase pairs (kb) in length and is composed of five exons and four introns. This gene is expressed in the pituitary gland and encodes a 22 kDa protein. In addition to this predominant (75%) form, 5-10% of pituitary GH is present as a 20 kDa protein that has an amino acid (aa) sequence identical to the 22 kDa form except for a 15 aa internal deletion of residues 32-46 as a result of an alternative splicing event. Because it has been reported that non-22-kDa GH isoforms might be partly responsible for short stature and growth retardation in children, the aim of this study was to compare the impact of both 22 kDa and 20 kDa GH on GH receptor gene (GH receptor/GH binding protein (GHR/GHBP)) expression. Various concentrations of 20 kDa and 22 kDa GH (0, 2, 5, 12.5, 25, 50 and 150 ng/ml) were added to human hepatoma (HuH7) cells cultured in serum-free hormonally defined medium for 0, 1 and 2 h. Thereafter GHR/GHBP mRNA expression was measured by quantitative PCR. Addition of either 20 kDa or 22 kDa GH, at low or normal physiological concentrations (0, 2, 5, 12.5, 25 or 50 ng/ml) induced a dose-dependent increase in GHR/GHBP expression. However, a supraphysiological concentration of 20 kDa GH (150 ng/ml) resulted in a significantly lower (P<0.05) downregulation of GHR/GHBP gene transcription compared with the downregulation achieved by this concentration of 22 kDa GH. This difference might be explained by a decreased ability to form a 1 : 1 complex with GHR and/or GHBP, which normally occurs at high concentrations of GH. Nuclear run-on experiments and GHBP determinations confirmed the changes in GHR/GHBP mRNA levels. In conclusion, we report that both 20 kDa and 22 kDa GH, in low and normal physiological concentrations, have the same effect on regulation of GHR/GHBP gene transcription in a human hepatoma cell line. At a supraphysiological concentration of 150 ng/ml, however, 20 kDa GH has a less self-inhibitory effect than the 22 kDa form.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Endocrinology/Metabolic Disorders
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Unit Childrens Hospital > Forschungsgruppe Endokrinologie / Diabetologie / Metabolik (Pädiatrie)

UniBE Contributor:

Nuoffer, Jean-Marc; Flück, Christa; Deladoëy, Johnny; Eblé, Andrée and Mullis, Primus-Eugen

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0022-0795

Publisher:

BioScientifica

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christa Emma Flück Pandey

Date Deposited:

13 Aug 2014 12:31

Last Modified:

13 Aug 2014 12:31

PubMed ID:

10810295

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/45698

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