The sequence of addition of IL-3 and IgE-dependent/IgE-independent stimuli regulates RANKL expression in human basophils

Odermatt, Andrea; Huber, Cristina Olivia; Dahinden, Clemens A.; Fux, Michaela (17 April 2013). The sequence of addition of IL-3 and IgE-dependent/IgE-independent stimuli regulates RANKL expression in human basophils (Unpublished). In: Schweiz. Gesellschaft für Allergologie und Immunologie SGAI. Bern. 17.-19.04.2013.

Background: Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor kappaB Ligand (RANKL), a member of the TNF superfamily, contributes to the imbalance of bone resorption and immunoregulation in rheumatoid arthritis. In mice, collagen induced arthritis was exacerbated by IL-3 and anti-IgER antibodies, two mediators activating basophils that are known as effector cells of allergy. Interestingly, our unpublished microarray data revealed that IL-3 induces RANKL mRNA in human basophils. Here we further investigate under which conditions human basophils express surface and/or soluble RANKL. Methods: One part of purified human basophils was co-stimulated with IL-3 and either IgE-dependent or IgE-independent stimuli. The other part of purified basophils was first primed with IL-3 and subsequently triggered with IgE-dependent or IgE-independent stimuli. Expression of surface and soluble RANKL were detected by flow cytometry, ELISA and real-time PCR. Results: By flow cytometry we show that IL-3 induces de novo expression of surface RANKL on human basophils in a time and dose dependent manner. Co-stimulation of basophils with IL-3 and an IgE-dependent stimulus reduces IL-3-induced expression of surface RANKL in a dose dependent manner while IgE-independent stimuli have no effect. In contrast, both IgE-dependent and IgE-independent stimuli enhance expression of surface and soluble RANKL in basophils that were first primed with IL-3 and then triggered. Real-time PCR analysis shows that surface hRANKL1 and soluble hRANKL3 are induced by IL-3 and reduced by co-stimulation with IL-3 and an IgE-dependent stimulus and thus confirms our flow cytometry data. Conclusion: RANKL expression in human basophils is not only dependent on IL-3 and IgE-dependent/IgE-independent stimuli but also on the sequence of their addition to cell culture. Based on our data, we suggest that basophils might have previously unidentified functions in bone resorption or immunoregulation via RANKL.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Institute for Immunology (discontinued)

UniBE Contributor:

Dahinden, Clemens A. and Fux, Michaela

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

Language:

English

Submitter:

Dr. Michaela Fux

Date Deposited:

18 Jan 2016 12:16

Last Modified:

18 Jan 2016 12:16

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/45762

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