Lameness and foot lesions in Swiss dairy cows: I. Prevalence.

Becker, Johanna; Steiner, Adrian; Kohler, S.; Koller-Bähler, A.; Wüthrich, Marianne; Reist, Martin (2014). Lameness and foot lesions in Swiss dairy cows: I. Prevalence. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 156(2), pp. 71-78. Huber 10.1024/0036-7281/a000553

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Prevalences of foot lesions and lameness were recorded in 1'449 Swiss dairy cows during routine claw-trimming on 78 farms from June 2010 until February 2011. Lameness was present in 14.8 % of cows and on 80.8 % of investigated farms. Highest prevalences were seen for widened white line (80.7 %/100 %), signalling foot lesion (65.6 %/98.7 %), heel-horn erosion (34.2 %/88.5 %), digital dermatitis complex (29.1 %/73.1 %), severe hemorrhages (27.9 %/87.2 %), and Rusterholz' sole ulcers (11.5 %/74.4 %) at cow and herd level, respectively. Lower prevalences were found for subclinical laminitis (5.4 %/47.4 %), chronic laminitis (3.3 %/25.6 %), white line disease (4.7 %/42.3 %), double soles (2.6 %/33.3 %), interdigital hyperplasia (3.1 %/33.3 %), sole ulcers (0.4 %/6.4 %), toe infections caused by faulty claw-trimming (3.9 %/39.7 %) and by injury (0.1 %/2.6 %), deep lacerations (0.4 %/6.4 %), and interdigital phlegmona (0.1 %/1.3 %). Lameness and foot lesions were shown to represent important health problems of dairy cows under the conditions of the typical grass-based production system in Switzerland. Digital dermatitis has developed to the most relevant foot disease with a high impact on welfare of Swiss dairy cows within the past 10 years.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Veterinary Public Health / Herd Health Management
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Becker, Johanna; Steiner, Adrian; Wüthrich, Marianne and Reist, Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Huber

Language:

English

Submitter:

Susanne Portner

Date Deposited:

22 Aug 2014 14:49

Last Modified:

14 Oct 2015 11:13

Publisher DOI:

10.1024/0036-7281/a000553

PubMed ID:

24463321

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Klauenerkrankung, Klauengesundheit, Lahmheit, Milchkuh, Prävalenz, claw health, dairy cow, foot lesion, prevalence

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.45832

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/45832

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