Trastornos de autoagresión hacia las uñas. Autoagressive nail disoreders

Haneke, Eckart (2013). Trastornos de autoagresión hacia las uñas. Autoagressive nail disoreders. Dermatologia Revista Mexicana, 57(4), pp. 225-234. medigraphic

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Background and objective: Autoaggressive nail disorders span a wide range of clinical changes, but they often remain undiagnosed. This article is intended to help the practitioner to make the correct diagnosis and institute an accepted treatment. Material and method: The patient charts of 1800 patients seen by the author between the years 2000-2011 in 6 different European countries were evaluated using photographs of finger and toenails. Results: The most common condition is onycholysis induced by overzealous manicure. The habit tic of maniacally pushing back the proximal nail fold of one or both thumb nails is frequent and often misdiagnosed. Heller’s median canaliform dystrophy is probably also due to a similar injury mechanism. Onychophagia is relatively com- mon and seen both in children and adults. Onychotillomania is less frequent and almost exclusively seen in adults. Onychotemnomania is even less frequent. Onychoteiromania is sowhere between the latter two habits. Onychodaknomania is exceptional and usually a sign of an underlying psychiatric disorder. There was no substantial difference in the prevalence of these conditions among the different countries visited. Conclusions: Auto aggressive nail injury is common, but often difficult to diagnose. Patient care requires not only an in-depth knowledge of virtually all nail diseases, but also a cautious and empathic patient examination and treatment

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Dermatology

UniBE Contributor:

Haneke, Eckart

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

Publisher:

medigraphic

Language:

Español

Submitter:

Monika Schenk

Date Deposited:

16 Jun 2014 11:56

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2014 15:10

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.45863

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/45863

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