Infection of cattle with Border disease virus by sheep on communal alpine pastures

Braun, U.; Bachofen, Claudia; Büchi, R.; Hässig, M.; Peterhans, Ernst (2013). Infection of cattle with Border disease virus by sheep on communal alpine pastures. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 155(2), pp. 123-128. Huber 10.1024/0036-7281/a000428

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The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sheep grazing communal alpine pastures with cattle can transmit Border disease virus (BDV) to cattle. A total of 1170 sheep and 923 cattle were tested for BDV using RT-PCR (sheep) and for pestivirus antibodies using an ELISA (cattle), respectively, before being moved to one of 4 pastures (A, B, C and D). Eight sheep from pasture C were viraemic. 396 of 923 cattle examined before the pasture season were seronegative. The latter were re-examined after the pasture season and 99 were seropositive or indeterminate. Antibody specificity was determined in 25 of these using a serum neutralization test (SNT). BDV infection was confirmed in 10 cattle and was considered likely in 8 others. BVDV infection was confirmed in 4 cattle and considered likely in 3 after pasturing. The study has shown that the transmission of BDV from sheep to cattle is possible on communal alpine pastures.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Virology and Immunology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)

UniBE Contributor:

Bachofen, Claudia and Peterhans, Ernst

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Huber

Language:

German

Submitter:

Susanne Portner

Date Deposited:

28 Jul 2014 15:10

Last Modified:

23 Apr 2015 13:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1024/0036-7281/a000428

PubMed ID:

23385070

Uncontrolled Keywords:

sheep, cattle, communal alpine pasture, border disease, bovine viral diarrhoea

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/45937

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