Using state variables to model the response of tumour cells to radiation and heat: a novel multi-hit-repair approach

Scheidegger, Stephan; Fuchs, Hans U.; Zaugg, Kathrin; Bodis, Stephan; Füchslin, Rudolf M. (2013). Using state variables to model the response of tumour cells to radiation and heat: a novel multi-hit-repair approach. Computational and mathematical methods in medicine, 2013, p. 587543. Hindawi 10.1155/2013/587543

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In order to overcome the limitations of the linear-quadratic model and include synergistic effects of heat and radiation, a novel radiobiological model is proposed. The model is based on a chain of cell populations which are characterized by the number of radiation induced damages (hits). Cells can shift downward along the chain by collecting hits and upward by a repair process. The repair process is governed by a repair probability which depends upon state variables used for a simplistic description of the impact of heat and radiation upon repair proteins. Based on the parameters used, populations up to 4-5 hits are relevant for the calculation of the survival. The model describes intuitively the mathematical behaviour of apoptotic and nonapoptotic cell death. Linear-quadratic-linear behaviour of the logarithmic cell survival, fractionation, and (with one exception) the dose rate dependencies are described correctly. The model covers the time gap dependence of the synergistic cell killing due to combined application of heat and radiation, but further validation of the proposed approach based on experimental data is needed. However, the model offers a work bench for testing different biological concepts of damage induction, repair, and statistical approaches for calculating the variables of state.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Zaugg, Kathrin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1748-670X

Publisher:

Hindawi

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Scheidegger

Date Deposited:

23 Apr 2014 11:52

Last Modified:

28 Dec 2014 08:55

Publisher DOI:

10.1155/2013/587543

PubMed ID:

24396395

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.46010

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/46010

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