Thermochromatography study of volatile polonium species in various gas atmospheres

Maugeri, Emilio Andrea; Neuhausen, Jörg; Eichler, Robert; Piguet, David; Mendonça, Tania Melo; Stora, Thierry; Schumann, Dorothea (2014). Thermochromatography study of volatile polonium species in various gas atmospheres. Journal of nuclear materials, 450(1-3), pp. 292-298. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.11.024

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Phenomena related to the volatilization of polonium and its compounds are critical issues for the safety assessment of the innovative lead–bismuth cooled type of nuclear reactor or accelerator driven systems. The formation and volatilization of different species of polonium and their interaction with fused silica was studied by thermochromatography using carrier gases with varied redox potential. The obtained results show that under inert and reducing conditions in the absence of moisture, elemental polonium is formed. Polonium compounds more volatile than elemental polonium can be formed if traces of moisture are present in both inert and reducing carrier gas. The use of dried oxygen as carrier gas leads to the formation of polonium oxides, which are less volatile than elemental polonium. It was also found that the volatility of polonium oxides increases with increasing oxidation state. In the presence of moisture in an oxidizing carrier gas, species are formed that are more volatile than the oxides and less volatile than the elemental polonium. Considering the redox potential of the carrier gas those species are likely oxyhydroxides.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Eichler, Robert

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

1873-4820

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Franziska Bornhauser-Rufer

Date Deposited:

04 Apr 2014 21:04

Last Modified:

18 May 2014 01:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.11.024

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/46348

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