Apatani phonology and lexicon, with a special focus on tone

Post, Mark William; Kanno, Tage (2013). Apatani phonology and lexicon, with a special focus on tone. Himalayan linguistics, 12(1), pp. 17-75. University of California, Santa Barbara

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Despite being one of the most extensively researched of Eastern Himalayan languages, the basic morphological and phonological-prosodic properties of Apatani (Tibeto-Burman > Tani > Western) have not yet been adequately described. This article attempts such a description, focusing especially on interactions between segmental-syllabic phonology and tone in Apatani. We highlight three features in particular – vowel length, nasality and a glottal stop – which contribute to contrastively-weighted syllables in Apatani, which are consistently under-represented in previous descriptions of Apatani, and in absence of which tone in Apatani cannot be effectively analysed. We conclude that Apatani has two “underlying”, lexically-specified tone categories H and L, whose interaction with word structure and syllable weight produce a maximum of three “surface” pitch contours – level, falling and rising – on disyllabic phonological words. Two appendices provide a set of diagnostic procedures for the discovery and description of Apatani tone categories, as well as an Apatani lexicon of approximately one thousand entries.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of Linguistics and Literary Studies > Institute of Linguistics

UniBE Contributor:

Post, Mark William

Subjects:

400 Language > 410 Linguistics

ISSN:

1544-7502

Publisher:

University of California, Santa Barbara

Language:

English

Submitter:

Mark William Post

Date Deposited:

19 Mar 2014 11:26

Last Modified:

08 Dec 2014 00:36

Uncontrolled Keywords:

lexicon, tone, morphophonology, Tibeto-Burman languages, Tani languages, Eastern Himalayan languages, Apatani

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.46374

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/46374

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