Thermal acclimation to 4 or 10 degrees C imparts minimal benefit on swimming performance in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.).

Lurman, Glenn; Bock, Christian H; Poertner, Hans-O (2009). Thermal acclimation to 4 or 10 degrees C imparts minimal benefit on swimming performance in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Journal of comparative physiology B, 179(5), pp. 623-633. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00360-009-0344-6

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Thermal acclimation is frequently cited as a means by which ectothermic animals improve their Darwinian fitness, i.e. the beneficial acclimation hypothesis. As the critical swimming speed (U (crit)) test is often used as a proxy measure of fitness, we acclimated Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) to 4 and 10 degrees C and then assessed their U (crit) swimming performance at their respective acclimation temperatures and during acute temperature reversal. Because phenotypic differences exist between different populations of cod, we undertook these experiments in two different populations, North Sea cod and North East Arctic cod. Acclimation to 4 or 10 degrees C had a minimal effect on swimming performance or U (crit), however test temperature did, with all groups having a 10-17% higher U (crit) at 10 degrees C. The swimming efficiency was significantly lower in all groups at 4 degrees C arguably due to the compression of the muscle fibre recruitment order. This also led to a reduction in the duration of "kick and glide" swimming at 4 degrees C. No significant differences were seen between the two populations in any of the measured parameters, due possibly to the extended acclimation period. Our data indicate that acclimation imparts little benefit on U (crit) swimming test in Atlantic cod. Further efforts need to identify the functional consequences of the long-term thermal acclimation process.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy > Functional Anatomy

UniBE Contributor:

Lurman, Glenn

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)

ISSN:

1432-136X

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Glenn Lurman

Date Deposited:

11 Jul 2014 13:46

Last Modified:

26 Oct 2019 00:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00360-009-0344-6

PubMed ID:

19219615

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.46883

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/46883

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