Change in positive affect during outpatient cardiac rehabilitation predicts vital exhaustion in patients with coronary heart disease

Stauber, Stefanie; Schmid, Jean-Paul; Saner, Hugo; Znoj, Hansjörg; Saner, Gaby; Grolimund, Johannes; von Känel, Roland (2013). Change in positive affect during outpatient cardiac rehabilitation predicts vital exhaustion in patients with coronary heart disease. Behavioral Medicine, 39(4), pp. 122-128. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/08964289.2013.813435

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Vital exhaustion is an acknowledged psychosocial risk factor of incident coronary heart disease (CHD) and recurrent CHD events. Little is known about trajectories in vital exhaustion in patients with CHD and the factors predicting this change. We hypothesized that vital exhaustion would decrease during outpatient cardiac rehabilitation and that an increase in positive affect over time would be associated with decreased vital exhaustion at discharge from cardiac rehabilitation. We also explored the role of the patient's sex in this context. Vital exhaustion was reduced during outpatient cardiac rehabilitation, especially in patients who experienced an increase in positive affect over time (p < .001). This relationship was significant in men (p < .001) but not in women (p = .11).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology > Centre of Competence for Psychosomatic Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy

UniBE Contributor:

Stauber, Stefanie; Schmid, Jean-Paul; Saner, Hugo; Znoj, Hansjörg; Grolimund, Johannes and von Känel, Roland

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1940-4026, 0896-4289

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Annette Barbara Kocher

Date Deposited:

02 May 2014 14:31

Last Modified:

26 Oct 2015 11:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/08964289.2013.813435

PubMed ID:

24236809

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.47032

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/47032

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