Pressure-temperature estimates of the lizardite/antigorite transition in high pressure serpentinites

Schwartz, Stéphane; Guillot, Stéphane; Reynard, Bruno; Lafay, Romain; Debret, Baptiste; Nicollet, Christian; Lanari, Pierre; Auzende, Anne Line (2013). Pressure-temperature estimates of the lizardite/antigorite transition in high pressure serpentinites. Lithos, 178, pp. 197-210. Elsevier 10.1016/j.lithos.2012.11.023

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Serpentine minerals in natural samples are dominated by lizardite and antigorite. In spite of numerous laboratory experiments, the stability fields of these species remain poorly constrained. This paper presents petrological observations and the Raman spectroscopy and XRD analyses of natural serpentinites from the Alpine paleo-accretionary wedge. Serpentine varieties were identified from a range of metamorphic pressure and temperature conditions from sub-greenschist (P < 4 kbar, T ~ 200–300 °C) to eclogite facies conditions (P > 20 kbar, T > 460 °C) along a subduction geothermal gradient. We use the observed mineral assemblage in natural serpentinite along with the Tmax estimated by Raman spectroscopy of the carbonaceous matter in associated metasediments to constrain the temperature of the lizardite to antigorite transition at high pressures. We show that below 300 °C, lizardite and locally chrysotile are the dominant species in the mesh texture. Between 320 and 390 °C, lizardite is progressively replaced by antigorite at the grain boundaries through dissolution–precipitation processes in the presence of SiO2 enriched fluids and in the cores of the lizardite mesh. Above 390 °C, under high-grade blueschist to eclogite facies conditions, antigorite is the sole stable serpentine mineral until the onset of secondary olivine crystallization at 460 °C.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Lanari, Pierre

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0024-4937

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pierre Lanari

Date Deposited:

08 Aug 2014 12:24

Last Modified:

06 Oct 2015 11:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.lithos.2012.11.023

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Serpentinite, Raman spectroscopy, Lizardite/antigorite transition, Western Alps

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.47143

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/47143

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