Deciphering High-Pressure metamorphism in collisional context using microprobe-mapping methods : application to the Stak eclogitic massif (NW Himalaya)

Lanari, Pierre; Riel, Nicolas; Guillot, Stéphane; Vidal, Olivier; Schwartz, Stéphane; Pêcher, Arnaud; Hattori, Keiko H. (2013). Deciphering High-Pressure metamorphism in collisional context using microprobe-mapping methods : application to the Stak eclogitic massif (NW Himalaya). Geology, 41(2), pp. 111-114. Geological Society of America 10.1130/G33523.1

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The Stak massif, northern Pakistan, is a newly recognized occurrence of eclogite formed by the subduction of the northern margin of the Indian continent in the northwest Himalaya. Although this unit was extensively retrogressed during the Himalayan collision, records of the high-pressure (HP) event as well as a continuous pressure-temperature (P-T) path were assessed from a single thin section using a new multiequilibrium method. This method uses microprobe X-ray compositional maps of garnet and omphacitic pyroxene followed by calculations of ∼200,000 P-T estimates using appropriate thermobarometers. The Stak eclogite underwent prograde metamorphism, increasing from 650 °C and 2.4 GPa to the peak conditions of 750 °C and 2.5 GPa, then retrogressed to 700–650 °C and 1.6–0.9 GPa under amphibolite-facies conditions. The estimated peak metamorphic conditions and P-T path are similar to those of the Kaghan and Tso Morari high- to ultrahigh-pressure (HP-UHP) massifs. We propose that these three massifs define a large HP to UHP province in the northwest Himalaya, comparable to the Dabie-Sulu province in China and the Western Gneiss Region in Norway.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Lanari, Pierre

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0091-7613

Publisher:

Geological Society of America

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pierre Lanari

Date Deposited:

08 Aug 2014 12:57

Last Modified:

06 Oct 2015 11:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1130/G33523.1

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.47150

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/47150

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