A randomized clinical trial of Behavioral Activation (BA) therapy for improving psychological and physical health in dementia caregivers: results of the Pleasant Events Program (PEP).

Moore, Raeanne C.; Chattillion, Elizabeth A.; Ceglowski, Jennifer; Ho, Jennifer; von Känel, Roland; Mills, Paul J.; Ziegler, Michael G.; Patterson, Thomas L.; Grant, Igor; Mausbach, Brent T. (2013). A randomized clinical trial of Behavioral Activation (BA) therapy for improving psychological and physical health in dementia caregivers: results of the Pleasant Events Program (PEP). Behaviour research and therapy, 51(10), pp. 623-632. Elsevier 10.1016/j.brat.2013.07.005

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Dementia caregiving is associated with elevations in depressive symptoms and increased risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This study evaluated the efficacy of the Pleasant Events Program (PEP), a 6-week Behavioral Activation intervention designed to reduce CVD risk and depressive symptoms in caregivers. One hundred dementia family caregivers were randomized to either the 6-week PEP intervention (N = 49) or a time-equivalent Information-Support (IS) control condition (N = 51). Assessments were completed pre- and post-intervention and at 1-year follow-up. Biological assessments included CVD risk markers Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and D-dimer. Psychosocial outcomes included depressive symptoms, positive affect, and negative affect. Participants receiving the PEP intervention had significantly greater reductions in IL-6 (p = .040), depressive symptoms (p = .039), and negative affect (p = .021) from pre- to post-treatment. For IL-6, clinically significant improvement was observed in 20.0% of PEP participants and 6.5% of IS participants. For depressive symptoms, clinically significant improvement was found for 32.7% of PEP vs 11.8% of IS participants. Group differences in change from baseline to 1-year follow-up were non-significant for all outcomes. The PEP program decreased depression and improved a measure of physiological health in older dementia caregivers. Future research should examine the efficacy of PEP for improving other CVD biomarkers and seek to sustain the intervention's effects.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology > Centre of Competence for Psychosomatic Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

von Känel, Roland

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0005-7967

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Annette Barbara Kocher

Date Deposited:

13 Jun 2014 12:11

Last Modified:

26 Oct 2015 11:21

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.brat.2013.07.005

PubMed ID:

23916631

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Alzheimer's disease, Cardiovascular disease, Depression, Intervention, Treatment

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.47256

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/47256

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