Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Development of an autoimmune response

Schaller, Monica; Studt, J.-D.; Voorberg, J.; Kremer Hovinga, Johanna Anna (2013). Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Development of an autoimmune response. Hämostaseologie, 33(2), pp. 121-30. Schattauer 10.5482/HAMO-12-12-0023

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The von Willebrand factor (VWF)-cleaving metalloprotease, ADAMTS13 (adisintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 motifs-13) is the only known target of the dysregulated immune response in acquired TTP. Autoantibodies to ADAMTS13 either neutralize its activity or accelerate its clearance, thereby causing a severe deficiency of ADAMTS13 in plasma. As a consequence, size regulation of VWF is impaired and the persistence of ultra-large VWF (ULVWF) multimers facilitates microvascular platelet aggregation causing microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia and ischaemic organ damage. Autoimmune TTP although a rare disease with an annual incidence of 1.72 cases has a mortality rate of 20% even with adequate therapy. We describe the mechanisms involved in ADAMTS13 autoimmunity with a focus on the role of B- and T-cells in the pathogenesis of this disorder. We discuss the potential translation of recent experimental findings into future therapeutic concepts for the treatment of acquired TTP.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Schaller, Monica and Kremer Hovinga, Johanna Anna

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0720-9355

Publisher:

Schattauer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Verena Zwahlen

Date Deposited:

16 Jun 2014 09:50

Last Modified:

03 Nov 2019 11:25

Publisher DOI:

10.5482/HAMO-12-12-0023

PubMed ID:

23443151

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Thromobotic thrombocytopenic purpura, TTP, ADAMTS13, autoimmunity, autoantibodies

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.47382

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/47382

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