Squeezing of Pore-water from Core Samples of DGR Boreholes: Feasibility Study

Mazurek, Martin; Oyama, Takahiro; Eichinger, Florian; de Haller, Antoine (2013). Squeezing of Pore-water from Core Samples of DGR Boreholes: Feasibility Study Toronto, Canada: Nuclear Waste Management Organization

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Three archived core samples from boreholes DGR-4, DGR-5 and DGR-6 from the Salina F Unit, Queenston Formation and the Georgian Bay Formation were subjected to squeezing tests at pressures of up to 500 MPa. Two samples did not yield any water, while a total of 0.88 g pore water was obtained from a clay-rich sample from the Blue Mountain Formation (water content = 2.8 wt.%, porosity = 8 %). This water mass was sufficient for a full chemical and water-isotope analysis – the first direct determination of pore-water composition in rocks from the DGR boreholes. The results are generally in reasonable agreement with those of independent methods, or the observed differences can be explained. Ancillary investigations included the determination of water content, densities and mineralogy, aqueous extraction of squeezed cores, and SEM investigations to characterise the microtexture of unsqueezed and squeezed rock materials.

It is concluded that squeezing is a promising method of pore-water extraction and characterisation and is recommended as an alternative method for future studies. Selection criteria for potentially squeezable samples include high clay-mineral content (correlating in a high water content) and low carbonate content (low stiffness, limited cementation). Potential artefacts of the method, such as ion filtration or pressure solution, should be explored and quantified in future efforts.

Item Type:

Report (Report)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Rock-Water Interaction

UniBE Contributor:

Mazurek, Martin, de Haller, Antoine


500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology


Nuclear Waste Management Organization




Martin Mazurek

Date Deposited:

02 Jul 2014 15:38

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:31



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