Pathophysiology of Hidradenitis suppurativa

Hunger, Robert (3 October 2013). Pathophysiology of Hidradenitis suppurativa (Unpublished). In: 22nd Congress of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. Istanbul. 02.-06.10.2013.

Only limited data are available about the precise mechanism leading to tissue inflammation and damage in patients with hidradenits suppurativa (HS). The central pathogenetic event in HS is the occlusion of the upper parts of the hair follicle leading to a perifollicular lympho-histiocytic inflammation. In early lesions, neutrophilic abscess formation and influx of mainly macrophages, monocytes and dendritic cells predominate. In chronic disease, the infiltrate expand with increased frequencies of B cells and plasma cells. In the inflammatory infiltrates toll like receptor 2 (TLR2) was highly expressed by infiltrating macrophages and dendritic cells indicating that stimulation of inflammatory cells by TLR2 activating microbial products may be important trigger factors in the chronic inflammatory process. Furthermore, the pro inflammatory cytokines IL-12 and IL-23 are abundantly expressed by macrophages infiltrating papillary and reticular dermis of HS skin. Both of these cytokines are believed to be important mediators in autoimmune tissue destruction and its blocking by biologics has been shown to be effective in the treatment of psoriasis. Especially IL-23 has been shown to be involved in the induction of a T helper cell subset producing IL-17, therefore, named Th17, which is distinct from the classical Th1/Th2 subsets. In chronic HS lesions IL-17-producing T helper cells were found to infiltrate the dermis. An overexpression of various other cytokines like IL-1beta, CYCL9 (MIG), IL-10 , IL-11 and BLC has been described in HS lesion whereas IL-20 and IL-22 have been shown to be down regulated. Similar to psoriasis also in HS the antimicrobial peptides beta defensin 2 and psoriasin are highly upregulated. This may at least in part explain the clinical finding that HS patients suffer only rarely from skin infections. Taken together the inflammatory reaction leading to HS are only poorly understood, but they show many similarity with other inflammatory reactions as e.g. in psoriasis.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Dermatology

UniBE Contributor:

Hunger, Robert

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

Language:

English

Submitter:

Monika Schenk

Date Deposited:

18 Jun 2014 09:24

Last Modified:

30 Jun 2014 10:12

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/47545

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