CD8+ T cells and NK cells from blister fluid of an EEM/SJS overlap highly express Fas ligand and Granulysin

Adam, Jacqueline; Wuillemin, Natascha Andrea; Schnyder, K.; Yerly, Daniel; Pichler, Werner Joseph; Yawalkar, Nikhil; Schlapbach, Christoph (2013). CD8+ T cells and NK cells from blister fluid of an EEM/SJS overlap highly express Fas ligand and Granulysin (Unpublished). In: Gemeinsame Jahresversammlung der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für Allergologie und Immunologie und der Gesellschaft für Pneumologie. Bern. 17. - 19.04.2013.

INTRODUCTION Erythema exsudativum multiforme majus (EEMM) and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) are severe cutaneous reaction patterns caused by infections or drug hypersensitivity. The mechanism by which widespread keratinocyte death is mediated by the immune system in EEMM/SJS are still to be elucidated. Here, we characterized the blister cells isolated from a patient with EEMM/SJS overlap and investigated its cause. METHODS Clinical classification of the cutaneous eruption was done according to the consensus definition of severe blistering skin reactions and histological analysis. Common infectious causes of EEMM were investigated using standard clinical techniques. T cell reactivity for potentially causative drugs was assessed by lymphocyte transformation tests (LTT). Lymphocytes isolated from blister fluid were analyzed for their expression of activation markers and cytotoxic molecules using flow cytometry. RESULTS The healthy 58 year-old woman suffered from mild respiratory tract infection and therefore started treatment with the secretolytic drug Ambroxol. One week later, she presented with large palmar and plantar blisters, painful mucosal erosions, and flat atypical target lesions and maculae on the trunc, thus showing the clinical picture of an EEMM/SJS overlap (Fig. 1). This diagnosis was supported by histology, where also eosinophils were found to infiltrate the upper dermis, thus pointing towards a cutaneous adverse drug reaction (cADR). Analysis of blister cells showed that they mainly consisted of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells and a smaller population of NK cells. Both the CD8+ T cells and the NK cells were highly activated and expressed Fas ligand and the cytotoxic molecule granulysin (Fig. 2). In addition, in comparison to NK cells from PBMC, NK cells in blister fluids strongly upregulated the expression of the skin-homing chemokine receptor CCR4 (Fig 4). Surprisingly, the LTT performed on PBMCs in the acute phase was positive for Ambroxol (SI=2.9) whereas a LTT from a healthy but exposed individual did not show unspecific proliferation. Laboratory tests for common infectious causes of EEMM were negative (HSV-1/-2, M. pneumoniae, Parvovirus B19). However, 6 weeks later, specific proliferation to Ambroxol could no longer be observed in the LTT (Fig 4.).

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Dermatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Rheumatology, Clinical Immunology and Allergology

UniBE Contributor:

Adam, Jacqueline; Wuillemin, Natascha Andrea; Yerly, Daniel; Pichler, Werner Joseph; Yawalkar, Nikhil and Schlapbach, Christoph

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

Language:

English

Submitter:

Monika Schenk

Date Deposited:

16 Jun 2014 13:09

Last Modified:

16 Jun 2014 13:09

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/47609

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