Flux and resident injection in gaseous advection experiments

Gimmi, Thomas; Flühler, H. (1996). Flux and resident injection in gaseous advection experiments. Water resources research, 32(1), pp. 1-7. American Geophysical Union 10.1029/95WR02719

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The occurrence of gaseous pollutants in soils has stimulated many experimental activities, including forced ventilation in the field as well as laboratory transport experiments with gases. The dispersion coefficient in advective-dispersive gas phase transport is often dominated by molecular diffusion, which leads to a large overall dispersivity gamma. Under such conditions it is important to distinguish between flux and resident modes of solute injection and detection. The influence of the inlet type oil the macroscopic injection mode was tested in two series of column experiments with gases at different mean flow velocities nu. First we compared infinite resident and flux injections, and second, semi-infinite resident and flux injections. It is shown that the macroscopically apparent injection condition depends on the geometry of the inlet section. A reduction of the cross-sectional area of the inlet relative to that of the column is very effective in excluding the diffusive solute input, thus allowing us to use the solutions for a flux Injection also at rather low mean flow velocities nu. If the whole cross section of a column is exposed to a large reservoir like that of ambient air, a semi-infinite resident injection is established, which can be distinguished from a flux injection even at relatively high velocities nu, depending on the mechanical dispersivity of the porous medium.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Gimmi, Thomas

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0043-1397

Publisher:

American Geophysical Union

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thomas Gimmi

Date Deposited:

18 Sep 2014 14:07

Last Modified:

13 Dec 2014 11:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1029/95WR02719

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.47661

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/47661

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