Assessing the state of Sustainable Land Management research in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan

Dear, Chad; Shigaeva, Jyldyz; Wolfgramm, Bettina (2013). Assessing the state of Sustainable Land Management research in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Mountain Research and Development, 33(4), pp. 443-452. International Mountain Society 10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-13-00050.1

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This article synthesizes findings from a review of the state of research on sustainable land management in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan and from an analysis of the interface between research and action. Using the Global Land Project (GLP 2005) analytical framework, we analyzed the distribution of 131 selected publications (including a clearly defined set of local and international academic and gray literature) across the framework's components and links in a social–ecological system. There is a strong emphasis in the literature on the impact of changes in land use and management on ecosystems; however, there is little research on the implications for ecosystem services. This finding is opposed to that of a similar analysis of publications at the global scale (Björnsen Gurung et al 2012). Another major gap was the lack of research on Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan regarding the influence of global factors on social and ecological systems, despite social, economic, and political integration into global structures since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the increasing influence of climate change. Our analysis disaggregated academic literature published in the region and international academic literature, revealing stark differences. These differences are partly attributable to the legacy of the late Soviet era principle of “rational use of land resources,” which fit the planned economy but lacks approaches for decentralized resource governance. Finally, the emphasis of research on systems knowledge, the lack of transdisciplinary research, and the critical feedback of stakeholders at a regional sustainable land management forum suggest that actionable sustainable land management research on Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan is rare. Recommendations are made for targeted, application-focused, multistakeholder research and knowledge sharing, including local and international researchers as well as practitioners, policy-makers, and land users.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability > Unit Land Systems and Sustainable Land Management (LS-SLM)
10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)

UniBE Contributor:

Wolfgramm, Bettina


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 330 Economics




International Mountain Society




Monika Wälti-Stampfli

Date Deposited:

08 Aug 2014 08:28

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:31

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Sustainable land management (SLM), rational use of land resources (RURL), state of research, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Central Asia, Global Land Project (GLP), research–action interface, research recommendations




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